Alopecia Areata Multilocularis
Alopecia areata multilocularis manifest itself through several bald patches on the scalp. This type of hair loss disorder is diagnosed in about 12% of people suffering from hair loss. No one can predict whether this hair loss disorder is going to be permanent or temporary, since there is always a possibility of hair re-growth. Some repeated episodes of alopecia areata are not unusual. Sometimes episodes last many years with some re-growth of hair in one area, while at the same time new bald patches appear. Alopecia areata sometimes also follows a cyclical pattern through expression and remission. When hair does start to re-grow, it hair tends to be very fine, ultimately regaining most or all of its normal texture and color.
There is no unique treatment for this hair loss disorder, because medical practitioner has to understand the pattern of the disorder along with the constitution of the patient’s body and prescribe a most suitable and effective medication. Some hair loss treatments are considered to be effective on most of the patients.
Photochemotherapy or PUVA may be used as a treatment, when a person has to take a type of drug called psoralens at least 2 hours before a measured exposure to the long-wave ultraviolet light (UVA). This type of treatment is mainly used in severe cases of psoriasis. The initiation of hair re-growth may be expected after certain number of sessions and complete re-growth may take up to 1 to 2 years.
Corticosteroid drugs were initially developed the adrenal hormone cortisol due to its immune suppressing and inflammatory abilities. A hair transplant surgery is a common alternative for the people experiencing extensive or multiple patchy hair loss, including replacement of the bald patches by using the slightly hairy patches from either front or back of the scalp.
Alopecia areata appears to also have an autoimmune feature causing the patient to develop antibodies to various hair follicle formations. Some fluids which form a part of the immune system known as cytokines may cause alopecia areata by inhibiting defective hair follicle growth. Also, hereditary factors are considered to play an important role since about a fifth of people with this disorder have a family history of alopecia. There are around 45 % chances that a person may get hair loss disorder if any of the family members has sustained the disorder, particularly the parents.
Some other causes of alopecia areata multilocularis are allergic disorders, vitiligo, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, health conditions such as lupus and diabetes, eating disorders, depression and stress, be it mental or emotional, under active or over active thyroid gland and infections such as ringworms.
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